Python VS Java: Which One Will Shape 2022?

03 Jan, 2022

According to Google Trends, Python has become more popular than Java.

This trend is because of the difference in usability. Java is highly used for production code while Python is used for experimentation. Experimentation is always on a higher ground than the production code.

While Python is a dynamically typed interpreted language, JAVA is a statically typed and compiled language. This small difference makes Python easier to read and JAVA for better debugging.

Python has gained popularity in the years due to easy communication. Developers grasp it easily. On top of that, there are tons of libraries and built-in features for beginners. A Python beginner does not have to start from scratch. scratch. Java is also widely used and has a lot of libraries and a huge developer community.

Now, let’s dive into these languages including code examples and advantages.

Python Overview

First released in 1991, Python is an interpreted high-level object-oriented programming language. It has a developer-centric approach along with fantastic code readability. The Python community grades the code based on how Pythonic the code is.

When To Use Python

Python libraries allow the developers to start quickly. Rarely, there is a need to start from scratch. Whether it is jumping into Machine Learning or creating a chart, or having a progress bar in their Command Line Interface, there is a library for everything.

Because of the easy-to-use environment, Python is great for:

  • Beginners
  • Sharing the code with others
  • Getting ideas quickly

Python’s web framework, Django streamlines the rapid development of maintainable and secure websites. It handles the hassle of web development offering the much-needed focus to write the code.

Integrated Development Environment

Integrated Development Environment is quite helpful when it comes to application development. PyCharm is the IDE for Python programming that offers a wide range of essential tools to Python engineers that create an environment for productive Python development and data science development.

Java Overview

Java is quite old and is a general-purpose language. It utilizes classes and just like Python, it is object-oriented programming. Developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995, it was a part of the Sun Microsystem platform for Java. With time, Java transformed the web development experience from simple text to pages with interactive content and animation.

When To Use Java

Java uses Java Virtual Machine (JVM) to interpret the compiled code. This virtual machine acts as the interpreter and detects errors.

This programming language used to be the most widely used server-side language. With advancements Java gained popularity and presence among the developers and now offers a lot of support.

Just like Python, Java programming can be easy because of the libraries. These libraries help the developers find the code written for a specific purpose.

Apache Tomcat is an open-source environment released under the Apache License version 2. This project is the result of the collaboration of some of the best Java developers around the world. The Java JDK implements the language specification and JVM and offers the Java API.

Integrated Development Environment

Eclipse is the dedicated Java IDE and offers a modern development environment. This IDE supports software development programming in several languages C, C++, Clojure, Groovy, Haskell, JavaScript, Julia, Perl, PHP, Ruby, and many more.

Java Overview

Java is quite old and is a general-purpose language. It utilizes classes and just like Python, it is object-oriented programming. Developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995, it was a part of the Sun Microsystem platform for Java. With time, Java transformed the web development experience from simple text to pages with interactive content and animation.

When To Use Java

Java uses Java Virtual Machine (JVM) to interpret the compiled code. This virtual machine acts as the interpreter and detects errors.

This programming language used to be the most widely used server-side language. With advancements Java gained popularity and presence among the developers and now offers a lot of support.

Just like Python, Java programming can be easy because of the libraries. These libraries help the developers find the code written for a specific purpose.

Apache Tomcat is an open-source environment released under the Apache License version 2. This project is the result of the collaboration of some of the best Java developers around the world. The Java JDK implements the language specification and JVM and offers the Java API.

Integrated Development Environment

Eclipse is the dedicated Java IDE and offers a modern development environment. This IDE supports software development programming in several languages C, C++, Clojure, Groovy, Haskell, JavaScript, Julia, Perl, PHP, Ruby, and many more.

Python VS Java

Both these languages have multiple similarities. Right from strong cross-platform support to extensive standard libraries, these are two extremely powerful programming languages. Both the languages compile to bytecode, but Python is compiled at runtime.

The support for Python 2 ended in January 2020 but the community has centered on Python 3.

Both these languages are better suited for developing powerful applications. We have tried to differentiate these languages based on a few parameters.

Performance

Java is a statically-typed programming language that simplifies code compilation. The JVM speeds up the execution of the code using the JIT. JIT converts the bytecode to the native machine code more quickly.

On the other hand, Python developers accelerate code through multiple executions. They use Jython (compiles the Python code into the Java bytecode) and Cython (compiles the Python code into C and C++).

Code Readability

Both Python and Java emphasize code readability. Python developers prefer to keep the code concise to avoid additional code that simplifies the application development process.

On the other hand, Java developers spend extra time and lots of effort to develop the applications. Every new version of Java comes with extra features that simplify development by introducing modules in the applications. These modules are further designed as a part of the code. As a result, the Java developers spend extra time understanding the code.

Standard Libraries

Python offers you a comprehensive list of standard libraries that save effort and development time. Python developers have the option to choose over 150000 libraries and different modules including text processing, web and testing frameworks and image processing modules and more.

Java also offers libraries but according to the specific needs of the developers. There are a few libraries in comparison to those offered by Python.

Conclusion

Whilst the world of software development continues to evolve, programming languages will remain constant. With a super-competitive marketplace, you need to have a team of developers familiar with the latest programming languages.

If you are looking to future-proof your business and move into mobile app development, you should consider contacting domain experts like DRC Systems. With a team of dedicated Python and Java developers, we have been digitally transforming several businesses across the globe. To learn how our developers can transform your business idea into a fully functional solution, contact us today!

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