Php vs Python: A detailed comparison

02 Jan, 2023

The number of programming languages present is humungous, and that makes it confusing and a tiring process to select a programming language for your project. It is not possible for you to dig deep into different languages and then pick the best one. We have done that for you, here we have discussed two of the most popular programming languages Python and PHP, and also compared the two in detail for you to choose the best for your web application.

What is PHP?

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a general-purpose programming language. It was developed in 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf. It is commonly picked by developers for website development. There has been constant upgradation with the versions released of PHP making it the most widely used language even after three decades of launch. PHP 8.2 is the latest version, launched in 2022. According to the research conducted around 73.7 % of websites uses PHP as a server-side programming language. Facebook, Wikipedia, WordPress, Pinterest, and Zoom are some of the top companies using PHP for their website.

Why use PHP

There are many applications of PHP which make it a general-purpose language. The versatility makes it so popular among developers.

Let us discuss some of the reasons why to use PHP for your next project.

1. Cloud solution

Along with web app development, PHP can also let you build cloud solutions.

2. CMS

PHP is used to create content management systems. With PHP a user-friendly and efficient CMS can be created.

3. File creation

Using the built-in tool PDFLib PHP lets you create and manage PDF files.

4. Database Management

It can easily add, delete or modify data from the database. Other operations like data encryption and data collection can also be done using PHP.

5. Flash elements

With the help of the PHP open-source library, you can create buttons, bitmaps, buttons, actions, email forms, and login forms.

6. E-commerce applications

With the help of PHP frameworks like CakePHP and CodeIgniter, one can create e-commerce applications.

Features of PHP

1. Real-time monitoring

It provides access to information on CPU and memory usage. PHP shows the recent user log-in information that makes it possible to monitor in real time.

2. Scalability

PHP-based websites are highly scaleable because of the extensions that add new features and functionality easily and quickly.

3. Cross-platform

It supports all devices and works fine whether the device is a laptop, tablet, or smartphone.

4. Database

PHP supports multiple databases Oracle, MySQL, and PostgreSQL therefore database integration and management are seamless.

5. Error reporting

There is a preset error reporting system in PHP, which issues warning in case of error occurrence.

6. Operating System

There is no problem with compatibility across different operating systems. PHP runs smoothly across the majority of platforms such as Windows, Linux, Mac, and Unix.

What is Python?

Python is a high-level, general-purpose programming language used in many areas of software development. It was developed by Guido Van Rossum and was first released in 1991. The latest version is Python 3.11, released in December 2022. Uber, Spotify, Google, Amazon, Reddit, and Quora are some of the major companies that have used Python as their programming language. Python is a versatile language, making it a suitable language for companies from different industries like finance, healthcare, AI, and various other sectors.

Why use Python?

Python is an easy-to-learn language because of its simple syntax. Python is suitable for all levels starting from beginners to experts. Even after three decades the user base of Python is continuing to grow, it is used by software developers, data analysts, scientists, and students.

Here we have listed some of the functionalities for which python is used:

1. Task Automation

Python works efficiently for automation tasks like filling out forms, naming files, converting files from one format to another, and keeping track.

2. Data analysis and Data visualization

Data scientists use Python for simpler syntax and data manipulation functionalities. For data analysis and visualization, data needs to be represented in different forms like bars, graphs, tables, etc.

3. Scripting

Python is one of the best scripting languages for simplicity and ease of use. Scripting is used to create dynamic content.

4. ML and AI

Python is a powerful language with a built-in library, making it the best choice for machine learning and artificial intelligence projects. Python helps computers in pattern recognition which is required in machine learning.

5. Web applications

There are a lot of frameworks available for developing web applications, which makes the process fast and easier to build complex applications.

6. Finance

The use of python is prominent in the finance industry because of its data processing capabilities, and qualitative and quantitative analysis. Financial services like risk analysis, algorithmic trading, cyber security, and credit scoring are well supported by Python.

Features of Python

1. Dynamic Variability

In python there is no need to assign the type as int, char, long, or double at the start, it allows dynamic type assigning to the variables. This reduces the lines of code.

2. Operating System

Python is portable in nature it runs across different operating systems such as Linux, Unix, and Mac without making any changes.

3. Library

Python library is rich with a huge number of modules, and functions that make development in python an efficient process. As there is no need to write redundant codes.

4. Object-oriented

Python is an object-oriented language that adds encapsulation, classes, and constructs to its main features.

5. Extensible

Python is an extensible language, that makes it possible to write code in other languages like C and C++. It lets you build functionality with various modules.

PHP vs. Python

The detailed comparison between Python and PHP would help you to pick the suitable language for your requirements.

1. Learning Curve

The learning curve of PHP is steep in comparison to Python. The syntax of PHP is similar to C, C++, and Java. On the other hand, the syntax of Python is similar to English, therefore it becomes easier to learn.

2. Installation

PHP has an easy and user-friendly installation procedure across different operating systems like Windows, Linux, and macOS X. Installing python is a little tricky when compared to PHP.
There are packages present in Python to help you out with the installation.

3. Library

Python’s library is more developed, there are many packages and tools for different types of web application development. PHP also has a package repository, but Python has huge library support with it.

4. Community Support

PHP and Python have been in the market for a long time. The community support for both languages is huge since the developer’s community is large for both extending their support in the development of the language.

5. Documentation

Python and PHP both have comprehensive documentation available, and there are forums, websites, tutorials, and discussion boards present that are helpful for beginners of both languages.

6. Debugging

It is something you cannot ignore while developing any software or application, it finds out the bugs if any present in the code. Both Python and PHP have debugging tools that are efficient.

7. Security

When it comes to security Python scores more points than PHP. Python has more security features that help developers to build secure applications.

The decision to choose the best programming language is best left to the experts of the subject, in this case, the software company or the hired developer for the project. There is no one winner in the Python vs PHP debate. Both languages have been in the market for almost three decades and are among the top choices of developers. So, choose the best web development company and let them guide you in the right direction.

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